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MPI_Igather

Definition

MPI_Igather is the non-blocking version of MPI_Gather; it collects data from all processes in a given communicator and concatenates them in the given buffer on the specified process. Unlike MPI_Gather however, it will not wait for the collection to complete and will return immediately instead. The user must therefore check for completion with MPI_Wait or MPI_Test before the buffers passed can be safely reused. MPI_Igather is a collective operation; all processes in the communicator must invoke this routine. Other variants of MPI_Igather are MPI_Igatherv, MPI_Iallgather and MPI_Iallgatherv. Refer to MPI_Gather to see the blocking counterpart of MPI_Igather.

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int MPI_Igather(void* buffer_send,
                int count_send,
                MPI_Datatype datatype_send,
                void* buffer_recv,
                int count_recv,
                MPI_Datatype datatype_recv,
                int root,
                MPI_Comm communicator,
                MPI_Request* request);

Parameters

buffer_send
The buffer containing the data to send.
count_send
The number of elements in the send buffer.
datatype_send
The type of one send buffer element.
buffer_recv
The buffer in which store the gathered data for the root process. For other processes, the receiving parameters like this one are ignored.
count_recv
The number of elements per message received, not the total number of elements to receive from all processes altogether. For non-root processes, the receiving parameters like this one are ignored.
datatype_recv
The type of one receive buffer element. For non-root processes, the receiving parameters like this one are ignored.
root
The rank of the root process, which will collect the data gathered.
communicator
The communicator in which the gather takes place.
request
The variable in which store the handler on the non-blocking operation.

Returned value

MPI_SUCCESS
The routine successfully completed.

Example

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#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <mpi.h>

/**
 * @brief Illustrates how to use a gather in a non-blocking way.
 * @details This application is meant to be run with 4 MPI processes. Every MPI
 * process begins with a value, the MPI process 0 is picked to gather all these
 * values and print them. It can be visualised as follows:
 *
 * +-----------+ +-----------+ +-----------+ +-----------+
 * | Process 0 | | Process 1 | | Process 2 | | Process 3 |
 * +-+-------+-+ +-+-------+-+ +-+-------+-+ +-+-------+-+ 
 *   | Value |     | Value |     | Value |     | Value |   
 *   |   0   |     |  100  |     |  200  |     |  300  |   
 *   +-------+     +-------+     +-------+     +-------+   
 *            \            |     |            /
 *             \           |     |           /
 *              \          |     |          /
 *               \         |     |         /
 *                \        |     |        /
 *                 \       |     |       /
 *                +-----+-----+-----+-----+
 *                |  0  | 100 | 200 | 300 |
 *                +-----+-----+-----+-----+
 *                |       Process 0       |
 *                +-----------------------+
 **/
int main(int argc, char* argv[])
{
    MPI_Init(&argc, &argv);

    // Get number of processes and check that 4 processes are used
    int size;
    MPI_Comm_size(MPI_COMM_WORLD, &size);
    if(size != 4)
    {
        printf("This application is meant to be run with 4 MPI processes.\n");
        MPI_Abort(MPI_COMM_WORLD, EXIT_FAILURE);
    }

    // Determine root's rank
    int root_rank = 0;

    // Get my rank
    int my_rank;
    MPI_Comm_rank(MPI_COMM_WORLD, &my_rank);

    // Define my value
    int my_value = my_rank * 100;
    printf("Process %d, my value = %d.\n", my_rank, my_value);

    // Request handler
    MPI_Request request;

    if(my_rank == root_rank)
    {
        int buffer[4];

        // Launch the gather
        MPI_Igather(&my_value, 1, MPI_INT, buffer, 1, MPI_INT, root_rank, MPI_COMM_WORLD, &request);

        // Do another job while the gather progresses
        // ...

        // Wait for the gather to complete
        MPI_Wait(&request, MPI_STATUS_IGNORE);
        printf("Values collected on process %d: %d, %d, %d, %d.\n", my_rank, buffer[0], buffer[1], buffer[2], buffer[3]);
    }
    else
    {
        // Launch the gather
        MPI_Igather(&my_value, 1, MPI_INT, NULL, 0, MPI_INT, root_rank, MPI_COMM_WORLD, &request);

        // Do another job while the gather progresses
        // ...

        // Wait for the gather to complete
        MPI_Wait(&request, MPI_STATUS_IGNORE);
    }

    MPI_Finalize();

    return EXIT_SUCCESS;
}